News>Airmen, industry say goodbye to stealth fighter
Airmen deployed from the 49th Fighter Wing prepare to launch an F-117A Nighthawk from a foggy ramp at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base on Mar. 11. After 27 years of service Air Force officials will retire the F-117 fleet to free up funds for modernization. (U.S. Air Force photo/Christy Webb)
Gen. Bruce Carlson, the commander of Air Force Materiel Command, speaks during a retirement ceremony honoring the F-117A Nighthawk. The Air Force is retiring the stealth fighter fleet because newer capabilities exist and it is expensive to operate and maintain. Savings will be applied to help modernize the across the Air Force. (Air Force photo by Ben Strasser)
An F-117 Nighthawk performs a flyover through the fog during the conclusion of the F-117 Nighthawk farewell ceremony at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, March 11. (Air Force photo by Staff Sgt Joshua Strang)
An F-117 Nighthawk taxis into position during the F-117 Nighthawk farewell ceremony here March 11. The ceremony consisted of multiple guest speakers, music by the Air Force Band of Flight and concluded with a single ship flyover. (Air Force photo by Staff Sgt Joshua Strang)
A military and civilian audience listens to guest speakers during the F-117 Nighthawk farewell ceremony at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, March 11. The ceremony concluded with a single ship flyover. (Air Force photo by Staff Sgt Joshua Strang)
Airmen from the 49th Fighter Wing, Holloman Air Force Base, N. M., secure an F-117 Nighthawk after its flyover during the F-117 Nighthawk farewell ceremony at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, on March 11. (Air Force photo by Staff Sgt Joshua Strang)
Gen. Bruce Carlson, Air Force Materiel Command commander, congratulates Diana Filliman, director of the 650th Aeronautical Systems Squadron at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. Filliman 's team was honored for outstanding F-117 program management support during a Mar. 11 retirement ceremony for the stealth fighter. (U.S. Air Force photo/Ben Strasser)
by Derek Kaufman
88th Air Base Wing Public Affairs
3/11/2008 - WRIGHT-PATTERSON AIR FORCE BASE, Ohio -- The Air Force - industry team responsible for providing program oversight to the F-117A stealth fighter said farewell during a ceremony here today.
More than 350 Wright-Patt Airmen, base employees, industry partners and family members gathered for one last close-up look at the F-117 Nighthawk, which made its first flight in 1981, just months after Ronald Reagan was sworn in as the 40th U.S. President.
Three F-117s and Airmen from the 49th Fighter Wing at Holloman Air Force Base, N.M. were on hand to enable AFMC and Aeronautical Systems Center officials an opportunity to reflect on the jet's legacy. The ceremony concluded with a fly-by of one jet painted red, white and blue on its belly.
"The United State Air Force developed, in partnership with industry, an airplane that has served this nation remarkably well over a quarter of a century," General Bruce Carlson, Air Force Materiel Command commander said.
Carlson said the Air Force decided to retire the F-117 fleet because a new generation of stealth aircraft including the B-2 Spirit, F-22 Raptor and soon-to-be-fielded F-35 Joint Strike Fighter have better capabilities, and because the F-117 is expensive to fly and maintain.
"Taking them out of service will allow us to use that money to recapitalize the Air Force," he added.
The F-117s will be placed in storage at an airfield in the Tonopah Test Range, Nev., where the jets flew in total secrecy and only at night until November 1988.
Holloman's 49th Fighter Wing became the Nighthawk's home in 1992.
Gen. Carlson said in 1991 during Operation Desert Storm, F-117s flew nearly 1,300 sorties over Iraq and Kuwait without a single combat loss. Nighthawk pilots flew only two percent of the total combat sorties but struck 40 percent of the most highly defended, strategic targets.
"It was a remarkable contribution to that war and all done over one of the most hostile air environments in the history of the world," he added.
Lessons learned operating and maintaining the F-117 contributed significantly to the development of the new mix of U.S. stealth aircraft which now have vastly superior capabilities, Gen. Carlson said.
"This airplane was the foundation for low-observable technology in the United States of America," he said.
The F-117 is nearly completely covered with a radar absorbing material which is laborious and expensive to maintain. After each mission, maintenance specialists closely examine the aircraft's special coating to identify any needed repairs. If required, coatings are reapplied, allowed to cure, and re-inspected, said Col. George Torres Jr., commander of Holloman's 49th Maintenance Group.
"We can do a quick turn and get these aircraft up very quickly to support operational training requirements," said. Col. Torres. But in combat situations, extra time and attention are the rule of the day to ensure the Nighthawk's stealth characteristics are intact.
"The aircraft won't go out until it's ready," Torres added.
Few people realize the F-117 has no defensive systems or radar, said Col. John Forsythe, 49th Operations Group commander. "We depend exclusively on the stealth provided by our maintainers."
Holloman's pilot and maintenance teams will launch their last "4-ship" of stealth fighters on April 21, Col. Forsythe said. They will make a brief overnight stop at the F-117s logistics support center in Palmdale, Calif., for a final ceremony before retiring to Tonopah where their wings and tails removed and the aircraft stored in protective hangars. A portion of the fleet will be rapidly recallable to fly again, if ever needed.
Then, the 49th Fighter Wing's focus rapidly turns to getting ready to receive the Air Force's newest stealthy jet, the F-22 Raptor.