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T2 - Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is Technology Transfer (T2)?

The process by which existing knowledge, facilities or capabilities developed under federal research and development (R&D) funding are utilized to fulfill public and private needs. T2 includes Spin Off, Spin On and Dual-use.
     · Spin-off: To promote and make available existing Department of Defense (DoD) -owned or -developed technologies and technical infrastructure to a broad spectrum of non-DoD applications.

     · Spin-on: To incorporate innovative technology developed outside the DoD into military systems to meet mission needs at a lower acquisition cost by taking advantage of the economies of scale by purchasing from a larger industrial base.

     · Dual-Use (Co-development): Activities that develop technologies that have both DoD and non-DoD applications.

2. What is Technology Transition?

The process of applying critical technology in military systems to provide an effective weapons and support system--in the quantity and quality needed by the warfighter to carry out assigned missions and at the "best value" as measured by the warfighter.

3. Why can't the Air Force provide money?
The Air Force can provide personnel, access to facilities and equipment but, by law, cannot provide funding.

4. What are the benefits to industry from T2?

The benefits include: leveraging Air Force resources by accessing state-of-the-art facilities, subject-matter experts and cutting-edge technology, shared research risk, enhance product base, increase global competitiveness, job retention/expansion.

5. What are the Core Technical Competencies of the Air Force Research Laboratory?

Basic research (aero-structure power and control, physics and electronics, mathematics, life sciences); Aerospace systems (turbine engines, space and missile propulsion, aeronautical sciences, structural and control sciences); Directed Energy (lasers, beam control high power microwaves); Information (computing architecture, information exploitation, command & control); Human Performance (forecasting, training, decision making); Munitions (ordnance, advanced guidance, munitions systems); Sensors (radio frequency sensing and warfare, EO sensing and warfare); Space Vehicles (defensive control, responsive space, space situational); Materials and Manufacturing (processes, applications, technology)

6. What are the Air Force's emphasis areas?

Cyber, Energy, Human Performance, Sustainment, Nuclear, Autonomous Flight, Long -range Strike and Situational Awareness

7. What is the value of a Partnership Intermediary (PI) to Industry?

PIs assist in matching Department of Defense (DoD) technologies with business needs, provide marketing assessments and business plan development assistance, assist in accessing DoD facilities, equipment and research expertise, provide translation between DoD and industry.

8. I have a technology that could be of interest to the Air Force. What do I do?

Areas of interest (with directions on how to submit information) to the Air Force are listed on the following websites:

     · SBIR/STTR
     · Broad Agency Announcements

9. I need some help with my technology. What do I do?

Fill out the T2 Checklist found in the Mechanisms to Facilitate Technology Transfer section of this website. The Checklist will stipulate specific areas in which you can indicate for further help. Send the completed Checklist via e-mail into the T2 office.

10. How can I license technologies developed by the federal government?

A license is a contract between a licensor (e.g. the holder of a patent) and a licensee (e.g. an industry partner) that ensures the licensee that the licensor will not sue the licensee for patent infringement. It is the federal government's technology transfer policy to promote the utilization and commercialization of inventions that arise from agency-supported R&D. The licensing of government-owned patents is one tool to achieve this goal.

11. How do I contact the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office?

Mail Stop OED
Director of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
P. O. Box 1450
Alexandria, VA 22313-1450
Email: usptoinfo@uspto.gov
Website: www.uspto.gov

12. What is intellectual property (IP)?

Intellectual, or intangible, assets include any products of the human intellect: inventions, discoveries, technologies, creations, developments or other forms of expressing an idea. IP can be legally protected and includes patents, copyrights, trademarks and trade secrets.